Gum disease or periodontitis is a common condition that inflames gum diseases due to the attack of an infection. Inflammation is a result of the body's defense system and is usually characterized in the form of redness, swelling, and the tendency to bleed. Untreated gum inflammation can spread into the gums, roots, and cause the destruction of the supporting bone structures. Hence, gum infection can be the potential cause of the loss of teeth.
Why is periodontitis the leading cause of tooth loss?
Progressing inflammation can lead to the deterioration of the supporting structures of the teeth leading to bone damage and ultimately loss of teeth. Damaged or broken teeth would either disintegrate or may require extraction. Other dental problems would include abscesses, drifting of teeth. and exposure of the roots.
Treatment for Periodontitis
Teeth cleaning is a general procedure done to keep your teeth and gums clean and healthy throughout your life. Regular teeth cleaning can keep your gums free of infection-causing bacteria and detect early signs of cavities and gum disease. Deep cleaning, scaling or root planing helps remove bacteria, calculus (tartar) and debris that may have collected under the gum tissue.
Other treatment can involve:
- Antibiotic therapy
- Corrective treatment in the form of surgery
- oral hygiene instructions (mild gum infection)
Request an appointment with us for your periodontal concerns and we shall help you further.